Uksumenko A.A., Antonyuk M.V.
The article is devoted to the problem of rehabilitation of patients with asthma. The main effects of the use of dry carbon dioxide baths in patients with BA are considered. The data on the effectiveness of exposure to dry carbon dioxide baths in the restorative treatment of children with asthma are presented. Described own experience of using dry carbon dioxide baths with BA.
Ivanova I.L., Zhigaev D.S., Kislitsyna L.V., Vazhenina A.A., Trankovskaya L.V.
The results of the hygienic assessment of the actual noise level in residential areas of Vladivostok are presented. For the study, 132 points of noise measurements were determined in residential areas, in places where major road junctions, a seaport, and a railway are located. It has been established that the population of Kalinin Street, Pervomaisky District, Bestuzhev Street, Frunzensky District, Admiral Gorshkov Street, Pervorechensky District (children’s playground area) is in the zone of constant noise exposure, above the hygienic standard. The solution to the problem of dealing with increased noise is the possibility of installing soundproof screens or planting green spaces in these areas.
Gritsina O.P., Trankovskaya L.V, Lisetskaya E.A, Tarasenko G.A.
The aim of the research was study of the characteristics of the regime and qualitative characteristics of sleep of modern schoolchildren. Materials and methods. According to a specially designed questionnaire containing questions characterizing the mode and conditions of children’s sleep, a survey was conducted of students in grades 5-9 of a general education organization. The obtained data were processed using the method of parametric and nonparametric analysis. Results. The average duration of night sleep for schoolchildren is determined. The characteristic of the sleep mode and sleep conditions of the interviewed children are given. Established the leading causes of late bedtime. Gender features of gender features in the observance of sleep hygiene, quality characteristics of sleep and relationships of these indicators are revealed. The contribution of sleep hygiene disorders to various sleep quality characteristics and well-being of students is calculated. Findings. The data obtained formed the basis of the programs of sanitary and educational activities conducted with students of grades 5–9 of general educational organizations in Vladivostok.
Trankovskaya L.V, Anishchenko E.B, Gritsina O.P.
The purpose of the research was to study and assessment the lifestyle of the residents of the Sakhalin region in order to further substantiate the priority activities in the area of public health in the Sakhalin region. Materials and methods. For the survey, we specifically designed a questionnaire that contained questions that reflect the main components of a healthy lifestyle. Received results. The analysis of the questionnaire survey showed that not all respondents are fully informed about the components of a healthy lifestyle. The main sources of information were media and the Internet. The percentage of people who consider it necessary to adhere to the principles of a healthy lifestyle is quite large (61.9%), but the majority of the respondents are women, 43.7% of men were skeptical about maintaining a healthy lifestyle. A study of the prevalence of bad habits found that men smoke more and more often than women, but the number of women who consume alcoholic beverages is 1.4 times more than men. Most of the surveyed population tries to maintain an active lifestyle, do their own physical exercises, spend enough time walking. Only 35.7% of all the respondents expose medical examinations (including medical examinations), most of them are women. Women are also the most likely to seek medical assistance from medical institutions (76.9% against 37.5%). When asked about the average monthly income per family member, 47.6% of respondents said that it corresponds to the subsistence minimum, 38.1% said that their income is higher than the subsistence minimum and 9.5% of the applicants were below the subsistence minimum. Analyzing a block of questions describing aspects of nutrition, we found that all food groups interviewed residents on. Sakhalin consumed in insufficient quantities. The least of respondents eat milk and dairy products, only 6.0% of respondents indicated a sufficient amount of consumption of these products. Inference: the data we received formed the basis for the development of a project of priority measures in the field of public health in the Sakhalin Region.
Vetrova O.O., Topilskaya E.G, Kon I.I, Orlova-Ilinskaya V.V., Yashina E.V.
The authors presented a case of an interesting clinical case of congenital heart disease in an adult military patient: a bicuspid aortic valve with aortic insufficiency and concomitant chronic rheumatic heart disease. Some features of ultrasound diagnosis are presented on the example of a specific patient from the authors’ practice. The given clinical case of a patient with this pathology is a case of successful surgical treatment for prosthetic aortic valve and the ascending aorta of a valve-containing conduit, carbomedix-25. Since congenital heart defects are a rare disease when examining military personnel and the bicuspid aortic valve may not cause hemodynamic disturbances for a long time and is asymptomatic, the purpose of this message is to focus doctors on the diagnosis of asymptomatic heart defects occurring under the mask of coronary myocardial pathology.
SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Singur L.G, Shatskaya M.V, Singur O.A, Feodorova E.B, Somova L.M.
The review summarizes the current understanding of the clinical and morphological manifestations of erythrodermia, which is one of the most complex and insufficiently studied problems of dermatology. The relevance of further study of erythrodermic syndromes is associated with the severity of their course and the possibility of death. This polyetiological disease can develop with a wide range of dermatoses, especially with drug toxemia and malignant tumors of the skin. Erythrodermia often represent significant difficulties for the doctor in diagnosing their kind, but so far the structural changes in the skin with erythrodermia are not sufficiently illuminated by a limited amount of biopsy material. The authors described the main clinical symptoms and pathological changes in the skin in various forms of primary, secondary and idiopathic erythrodermia, taking into account the pathogenetic mechanisms of their development. The attention is focused on the fact that the study of histopathology of skin biopsy specimens from patients with erythrodermia is of crucial importance for identifying the etiology, as well as the nature and severity of skin lesions. This is important for the differential diagnosis and adequate therapy of erythrodermia. Until now, there are practically no data of electron microscopic studies of skin biopsies, which could expand the understanding of the pathogenetic nature of the disease. The results of the authors’ own observations are presented, which confirm the importance of immunopathological mechanisms in the development of erythrodermia and can be considered as additional morphological markers in the diagnosis of this serious disease. It is shown that the severity of proliferative phenomena in the skin varies in different patients, which should be taken into account when distinguishing immune inflammatory changes in true erythrodermia and erythrodermic variants of skin malignant lymphomas.
Ivanushko L.A., Malyarenko O.S, Shutikova A.L, Chaikina E.L., Ermakova S.P.
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from brown alga Fucus evanescens, has a variety of biological effects including anticoagulant, antivirus, antioxidant, immunomodulating, and anticancer activities. The aim of this work is to determine the ability of fucoidan from brown alga Fucus evanescens to restore of the proliferative function of the blood-forming organs and recover of the hematopoietic system of sub-lethally irradiated mice. It was shown that preventive and therapeutic schemes of treatment by FeF (100 mg/kg of body weight) promotes an earlier restoration of the proliferative function of the blood-forming organs through a significant increase in the number of macrocolonies of the spleens, spleen mass, and thymus cellularity on 9th day after X-ray irradiation. Fucoidan subcutaneously administered in hour after irradiation greatly contribute to an earlier and complete recovery of blood formation in sub-lethally irradiated mice. Algal sulfated polysaccharide might be promising compound as a means of early treatment of acute radiation sickness.
S.A. Belov, A.S. Shapovalov, N.A. Pimenov, M.G., Bobyreva, V.V. Sudinschikov
PERFORATED PERITONITIS IN PATIENTS WITH HIV INFECTION
A.A. Bersenev, S.S. Chernyavsky, A.A. Chebotov, A.I. Baranov, A.A. Faev, R.E. Lebedev
FIRST RESULTS LAPAROSCOPIC OPERATIONS INJURY OF ABDOMEN
I.N. Brodsky, V.A. Lutsenko, R.V. Deev, A.A. Isaev
MODERN OPPORTUNITIES PREVENTION OF CRITICAL DEVELOPMENT ISCHEMIA IN DISEASES ARTERY OF THE LOWER EXTREMITIES IN SURGICAL PRACTICE ON OUTSTANDING STAGE